In order to have uniformity across multiple environments/installation, I would prefer to have an scripted installation of applications as much as possible. SharePoint 2007/2010/2013 are some of the examples of automated installation. Thanks to AutoSPInstaller.
Today, you will see how to do a unattended installation of SQL Server 2012.
You can create a configuration file and use it as shown to install SQL Server.
That being said, the main task here is to create the configuration file. There are couple of ways to do it:
1) Take a look at this documentation and create a new configuration file.
2) Modify the following sample configuration file as you need.
Here I like to set QUIETSIMPLE=”True”, just my preference. You will see the installation window but don’t need your interaction.
[OPTIONS] ; Acknowledge acceptance of the license terms. IACCEPTSQLSERVERLICENSETERMS="True" ; Specifies a Setup work flow, like INSTALL, UNINSTALL, or UPGRADE. REQUIRED ACTION="Install" ; Use this parameter to install the English version of SQL Server on a localized operating system when the installation media includes language packs for both English and the language corresponding to the operating system. ENU="True" ; Parameter that controls the user interface behavior. Valid values are Normal for the full UI,AutoAdvance for a simplied UI, and EnableUIOnServerCore for bypassing Server Core setup GUI block. ;UIMODE="Normal" ; Setup will not display any user interface. QUIET="False" ; Setup will display progress only, without any user interaction. QUIETSIMPLE="True" ; Specify whether SQL Server Setup should discover and include product updates. The valid values are True and False or 1 and 0. By default SQL Server Setup will include updates that are found. UPDATEENABLED="True" ; Specifies features to install, uninstall, or upgrade. The list of top-level features include SQL, AS, RS, IS, MDS, and Tools. The SQL feature will install the Database Engine, Replication, Full-Text, and Data Quality Services (DQS) server. The Tools feature will install Management Tools, Books online components, SQL Server Data Tools, and other shared components. FEATURES=SQLENGINE,SSMS,ADV_SSMS ; Specify the location where SQL Server Setup will obtain product updates. The valid values are "MU" to search Microsoft Update, a valid folder path, a relative path such as .\MyUpdates or a UNC share. By default SQL Server Setup will search Microsoft Update or a Windows Update service through the Window Server Update Services. UPDATESOURCE="MU" ; Displays the command line parameters usage HELP="False" ; Specifies that the detailed Setup log should be piped to the console. INDICATEPROGRESS="False" ; Specifies that Setup should install into WOW64. This command line argument is not supported on an IA64 or a 32-bit system. X86="False" ; Specify the root installation directory for shared components. This directory remains unchanged after shared components are already installed. INSTALLSHAREDDIR="C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server" ; Specify the root installation directory for the WOW64 shared components. This directory remains unchanged after WOW64 shared components are already installed. INSTALLSHAREDWOWDIR="C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server" ; Specify a default or named instance. MSSQLSERVER is the default instance for non-Express editions and SQLExpress for Express editions. This parameter is required when installing the SQL Server Database Engine (SQL), Analysis Services (AS), or Reporting Services (RS). INSTANCENAME="INSTANCE1" ; Specify the Instance ID for the SQL Server features you have specified. SQL Server directory structure, registry structure, and service names will incorporate the instance ID of the SQL Server instance. INSTANCEID="INSTANCE1" ; Specify that SQL Server feature usage data can be collected and sent to Microsoft. Specify 1 or True to enable and 0 or False to disable this feature. SQMREPORTING="False" ; Specify if errors can be reported to Microsoft to improve future SQL Server releases. Specify 1 or True to enable and 0 or False to disable this feature. ERRORREPORTING="False" ; Specify the installation directory. INSTANCEDIR="C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server" ; Specifies the account for the SQL Server Agent service. AGTSVCACCOUNT="Administrator" AGTSVCPASSWORD="Pa$$w0rd" ; Auto-start service after installation. AGTSVCSTARTUPTYPE="Automatic" ; CM brick TCP communication port COMMFABRICPORT="0" ; How matrix will use private networks COMMFABRICNETWORKLEVEL="0" ; How inter brick communication will be protected COMMFABRICENCRYPTION="0" ; TCP port used by the CM brick MATRIXCMBRICKCOMMPORT="0" ; Startup type for the SQL Server service. SQLSVCSTARTUPTYPE="Automatic" ; Level to enable FILESTREAM feature at (0, 1, 2 or 3). FILESTREAMLEVEL="0" ; Set to "1" to enable RANU for SQL Server Express. ENABLERANU="False" ; Specifies a Windows collation or an SQL collation to use for the Database Engine. SQLCOLLATION="SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS" ; Account for SQL Server service: Domain\User or system account. SQLSVCACCOUNT="Administrator" SQLSVCPASSWORD="Pa$$w0rd" ; Windows account(s) to provision as SQL Server system administrators. SQLSYSADMINACCOUNTS="Administrator" ; Provision current user as a Database Engine system administrator for SQL Server 2012 Express. ADDCURRENTUSERASSQLADMIN="False" ; Specify 0 to disable or 1 to enable the TCP/IP protocol. TCPENABLED="1" ; Specify 0 to disable or 1 to enable the Named Pipes protocol. NPENABLED="0" ; Startup type for Browser Service. BROWSERSVCSTARTUPTYPE="Automatic"
3) Have SQL Server do it for you.
Run SQL Server 2012 Setup as you normally would and set all of the configuration settings you want, clicking through all of the pages of the setup wizard. (This is the last time you will be doing it so be patient and do it carefully).
When you are in the “Ready to Install” phase, you get a chance to review all of your configuration settings. You will see the path of the configuration file at the bottom of the screen. Grab the configuration file. and use it and re-use it with only minor modifications.